Physicists believe that 68% of the total energy in the present observable universe contributes of “dark energy”.
The evidence for dark energy is indirect but comes from independent sources:
- Distance measurements and their relation to redshift
- The theoretical need for a type of additional energy that is not matter or dark matter to form the observationally flat universe
These results showed that the rate of the Universe’s expansion is increasing.
Another possibility is:
- The accelerated expansion of the universe is an illusion caused by that measurements of the red shift are not depending on the Doppler effect; galaxies are moving away from us.
Then the light passes near large area of “dark matter” in a nonlinear electron gradient, caused by “dark matters” (antimatter galaxy) gravity, it bends light due to refraction phenomenon like that light bends while passing through a prism. It predicts that frequency remains constant (as it is in refraction phenomenon of optics) and the red shift is due to change in wavelength due to change in velocity of light in a nonlinear electron gradient (my theory of gravitation).
Hubble’s Law says that an object’s velocity away from an observer is directly proportional to its distance from the observer. In other words, the farther away something is the faster it is moving away from us (more redshift). The red shift increases during passes of “dark matter” and the farther away something is the more passes.
Since gravity is an attractive force, you would expect the Universe to want to get smaller. Gravity should “pull” the Universe back together, but in the literature no experiments have been reported where masses of equal size have been able to attract one another. Only torsion balance instrument sets with a large difference in mass size have been recorded. This may well be because it is not possible to get a result with two equal masses. The Universe have not a general “pull” gravitation, the Newton’s gravitation law is only valid for large difference between the masses.
These cause that the universe is constant forever, without add any cosmological constant or dark energy, resulting in a stationary and unchanging cosmos.
Red moon during a lunar eclipse.
During a full eclipse, however, something spectacular happens. The moon is fully in Earth’s shadow. At the same time, a little bit of light from Earth’s sunrises and sunsets (on the disk of the planet) falls on the surface of the moon. Because the light waves are stretched out, they look red. When this red light strikes the moon’s surface, it also appears red.
Why Red moon and red sunrises and sunsets?
Red shift is due to change in wavelength due to change in velocity of light in the nonlinear electron gradient around the Earth. Measurements of the electron gradient are reported in a book by Richard Feynman. (The Feynman Lectures on Physics mainly electromagnetism and matter.) The same phenomenon as than the light passes near large area of “dark matter”.
Today existent theory’s is, but they are not proven.
The reason why the Moon takes on a reddish colour during totality is a phenomenon called Rayleigh scattering. It is the same mechanism responsible for causing colourful sunrises and sunsets, and for the sky to look blue.
When sunlight entering the Earth’s, atmosphere strikes the particles that are smaller than the light’s wavelengths, it gets scattered into different directions. Not all colours in the light spectrum, however, are equally scattered. Colours with shorter wavelengths, especially the violet and blue colours, are scattered more strongly, so they are removed from the sunlight before it hits the surface of the Moon during a lunar eclipse. Those with longer wavelengths, like red and orange, pass through the atmosphere. This red-orange light is then bent or refracted around Earth, hitting the surface of the Moon and giving it the reddish-orange glow that total lunar eclipses are famous for. The next piece of the puzzle of why a totally eclipsed Moon turns red is the Earth’s atmosphere. The layer of air surrounding our planet is made up of different gases, water droplets, and dust particles.
“Dark matter” (antimatter galaxy)