A sea of electrons
The assumed space “atmosphere” of electrons look like a hexagonally crystal lattice. It appears like a solid body (one objections against the ether) which is necessary to carry forward transverse waves, electromagnetic waves.
The speed of light may be determined using the charge density in the space atmosphere, the number of electrons per unit volume. The speed of light is reduced in towards the Earth since the charge density increases in the direction of the Earth (see Gravitation). Electron density will also be very high near the sun, due to the great electrically gradient around the sun, and light will bend near the sun because of the speed of light is reduced. Einstein predicted that light should be bent by gravity. It is not gravity which bends the light, it is a refraction of light.
In 1930, Paul Dirac postulated the “Dirac Sea of elecrtons” as a model of the vacuum. The Dirac sea was not intended to be the medium for the propagation of light, but nevertheless, no matter what the intentions were, or however cryptically the concept was explained, it invoked the idea that positron – electron pairs could somehow be produced as a result of some physical mechanism within the vacuum .
In a space atmosphere of electrons, the electromagnetic radiation is transferred in a hexagonally crystal lattice and cannot be transferred to a space atmosphere of positrons because positrons annihilate electrons. We can only observe radiation from the area around antigalaxies, which have a space “atmosphere” of positrons, and antimatter stars (black stars) in the form of radiations.
Measurements made by Albert Michelson and Edward Morley in 1887 of the speed of light resulted in the same speed in every direction, leading to the assumption that there was no ether. The only way that the ether might exist and still yield the same measurement results in different directions is if the ether is following the Earth in its journey through the space.
A space atmosphere of electrons, which gives rise to a none-linear electric field gradient around the earth (give also rise to gravitation force), following the earth on its journey through space like a halo, might be a feasible ether.
Ether was an incredibly powerful concept in the 19th century and many people thought that it would soon be possible to measure its movement. A common misconception is that James Clark Maxwell with his electromagnetic field theory was undermining the theories of ether. In actual fact the opposite was true. For Maxwell it was a given that electricity and magnetism were fundamentally mechanical phenomena in the ether. Otherwise how could they operate in empty space? Maxwell’s four equations which in a perfectly aesthetic manner describe every type of electromagnetic wave, still hold up well today. Nowadays we see the electrons in matter as the source of electromagnetic force fields. But for Maxwell the sources were in the ether. It was there, like an esoteric medium which serves for the propagation of light. It is remarkable why Maxwell’s theory from a purely mathematical standpoint, can be completely correct without a space of atmosphere.
- The Electron-Positron Sea (The Electric Sea) Frederick David Tombe, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, 23rd April 2014.